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Sunday, August 2, 2020 | History

2 edition of Transitivity and clause structure in Polish found in the catalog.

Transitivity and clause structure in Polish

Axel Holvoet

Transitivity and clause structure in Polish

a study in case marking

by Axel Holvoet

  • 21 Want to read
  • 4 Currently reading

Published by Slawistyczny Ośrodek Wydawn. in Warszawa .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Polish language -- Transitivity.,
  • Polish language -- Clauses.,
  • Polish language -- Case.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementAxel Holvoet.
    SeriesPrace slawistyczne ;, 95
    ContributionsInstytut Słowianoznawstwa (Polska Akademia Nauk)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsPG6315.T72 H65 1991
    The Physical Object
    Pagination189 p. :
    Number of Pages189
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1465807M
    ISBN 108390011727
    LC Control Number93125284
    OCLC/WorldCa25379376

    In his classic book An Introduction to Functional Grammar, Halliday () points out that functional grammar is so-called because its conceptual framework is a functional one rather than a formal one. It is functional in three distinct senses: in its interpretation (1) of texts, (2) of the system, and (3) of the elements of linguistic structures.   A transitive verb is a verb that accepts one or more contrasts with intransitive verbs, which do not have objects. Transitivity is traditionally thought a global property of a clause, by which activity is transferred from an agent to a patient. [1] Contents. History; Lexical versus grammatical information; In English; Other languages; In Hungarian; In Pingelapese.

    In linguistics, the topic, or theme, of a sentence is what is being talked about, and the comment (rheme or focus) is what is being said about the division into old vs. new content is called information is generally agreed that clauses are divided into topic vs. comment, but in certain cases the boundary between them depends on which specific grammatical theory is being. Class I Verbs D8 1 Transitivity. SECTION B THE FREE CLAUSE bought choice clause initiator clause structure cloth collocation combination complement compound consists contraction dependent clause dress elements of structure emphatic element example exponent expounded fact father final free clause free verb give About Google Books.

    Argument Structure in the Verb Phrase (VP) The verb is the head of the VP, that is to say that the verb is the most important part that determines the presence of any other element in the VP. There are different classes of verbs according to the type of event they refer to. Verbs can refer. Borsley, R. D. () ‘ Relative clauses and the theory of phrase structure ’, Linguistic Inquiry – Borsley, R. & Jaworska, E. () ‘ A note on prepositions and case-marking in Polish ’, Linguistic Inquiry –


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Transitivity and clause structure in Polish by Axel Holvoet Download PDF EPUB FB2

"A different approach to transitivity is the 'transitivity hypothesis.' This views transitivity in discourse as a matter of gradation, dependent on various factors. A verb such as kick, for example, fulfills all the criteria for high transitivity in a clause with an expressed object such as Ted kicked the refers to an action (B) in which two participants (A) are involved, Agent and.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Holvoet, Axel. Transitivity and clause structure in Polish. Warszawa: Slawistyczny Ośrodek Wydawn., This article presents an overview of clause structure and transitivity from a cognitive and constructional approach, focusing on the correspondences between meaning and form.

A fundamental claim of cognitive linguistics is that grammatical structures and categories have an experiential and conceptual basis. The conceptual basis of clause structures is found in the conceptualizations of actions Cited by: 1.

A transitive verb is a verb that accepts one or more contrasts with intransitive verbs, which do not have objects. Transitivity is traditionally thought a global property of a clause, by which activity is transferred from an agent to a patient.

Transitive verbs can be classified by the number of objects they require. Verbs that accept only two arguments, a subject and a single.

clause analysis methods in an ideational function of language. Halliday’s transitivity system is a system that develops old conception about transitivity, so whether a verb takes or does not take a direct object is not a prime consideration.

There are three components of what Halliday calls a “transitivity. Transitivity describes the clause in terms of the number of basic constituents (mostly noun phrase complements) that are required to make the clause grammatical.

Sarah gave Debbie a book. [Return to top] The subject. case was marked on many elements within the noun phrase and was an important indicator of the structure of the clause.

The rise of a high transitivity marker 到 dao in contemporary Chinese: Co-evolvement of language and society. Chinese Language and Discourse pp. 25 ff. Transitivity involves a number of components, only one of which is the presence of an object of the verb.

These components are all concerned with the effectiveness with which an action takes place. N.T.P. Lan / VNU Journal of Foreign Studies, Vol, No.5 () Matthiessens’ An Introduction to Functional Grammar since they “serve different functions in the clause” (p.

This is important in mapping between classes at phrase/group ranks and functions at clause rank, showing. This study examines the grounding functions of eight basic clause types in Chinese written narrative. It demonstrates that variations in constituent order and clause structure are a major means to designate events versus states at the clause level and ultimately a device to encode foregrounding versus backgrounding distinction.

While perfective clauses in the canonical SV(O). Both structures, in which the object of the causative process is the subject of the derived intransitive clause, form an “ergative pair” (Downing and Locke Seite ).

The process that takes place within the ergative pair can be visualized by two tree diagrammes, where the obligatory object-NP the door moves into the first NP as.

of transitivity is examined in two different languages from two different theoretical standpoints by Charzyńska-Wójcik and Bartczak-Meszyńska. The former focuses on the definition of transitivity in Old English, while the latter concentrates on the structure of the double object construction in. transitive meaning: 1.

(of a verb) having or needing an object: 2. a verb that has or needs an object 3. (of a verb. Learn more. 4 Transitivity and valency-changing derivations in Motuna by Masayuki Onishi 1 Introduction 2 The structure of basic verbal clauses 3 Verb structure and verb classes Verb structure Verb classes 4 Valency-changing derivations Valency-increasing derivations Valency-reducing derivations Polish Relative Clause Structure 1.

Relative clause formation This talk will argue for a derivation of relative clauses along the lines proposed in Cinque (). adjunction to the head noun. (Matching analysis, Sauerland ). Head Noun [The derivation in (1) is an attempt to unify RC structure and Adjectival modification.

In linguistics, transitivity is a property of verbs that relates to whether a verb can take direct objects and how many such objects a verb can take. It is closely related to valency, which considers other verb arguments in addition to direct obligatory noun phrases and prepositional phrases determine how many arguments a predicate has.

Obligatory elements are considered arguments. clause translation in English-Polish dictionary. en The preliminary assessment expressed the Commission's concern that Amazon may have abused its potentially dominant position in breach of Article of the Treaty and Article 54 of the EEA Agreement by requiring E-books Suppliers (2) (i) to notify Amazon of more favourable or alternative terms and conditions they offer elsewhere and/or (ii.

The functional perspective on Chinese syntax has yielded various new achievements since its introduction to Chinese linguistics in the s. This two-volume book is one of the earliest and most influential works to study the Chinese language using functional grammar.

With local Beijing vernacular (Pekingese) as a basis, the information structure and focus structure of the Chinese. The boxed repr esentation of the multilayered clause structures sho ws that these two clauses vary primarily in their choices of transitivity features.

While in (1). The Theme functions in the structure of the clause as a message. The Theme is the point of departure for the message. The Subject functions in the structure of the clause as an exchange.

It deals with speech roles in exchange as giving and demanding. III. The Actor functions in the structure of the clause as representation. Clauses and clause elements (Most of the links in this handout go to the glossary of grammatical terms where you will find more explanations/examples than can be given in the handout.).

Clause element (constituent): a word/phrase/clause that fulfils a syntactic function in a clause or a sentence 1. Peter is reading. 2. He is reading a thick novel.The fourth part of the book discusses (non-prototypical) transitive verbs and their relation to the typology of states of affairs, which leads to proposals of possible adaptations of Dik's typology.

The final section focusses on the relationship between the lexicon and the underlying structure of the clause.Transitivity is an important semantic concept in the analysis of representation of reality, in that transitivity enables us to analyze and represent the same event and situation in different ways.

The transitivity patterns can also indicate the certain mind-set or worldview “framed by the authorial ideology” Fowler + +-2 in literary texts.